Council Decision 2013/133/CFSP of 18 March 2013 appointing the European Union Special Representative for the Sahel

Council Decision 2013/133/CFSP of 18 March 2013 appointing the European Union Special Representative for the Sahel


Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 28, Article 31(2) and Article 33 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy,


  1. There is a need for a regional response by the Union to the complex and inter-related challenges in the Sahel.

  2. Mr Michel Dominique REVEYRAND – DE MENTHON should be appointed as European Union Special Representative (EUSR) for the Sahel for the period until 28 February 2014.

  3. The EUSR will implement his mandate in the context of a situation which may deteriorate and could impede the achievement of the objectives of the Union’s external action as set out in Article 21 of the Treaty,


Article 1 European Union Special Representative


Mr Michel Dominique REVEYRAND – DE MENTHON is hereby appointed as the EUSR for the Sahel until 28 February 2014. The mandate of the EUSR may be extended or terminated earlier, if the Council so decides, on a proposal of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR).


For the purposes of the EUSR’s mandate, the Sahel is defined as comprising the primary focus of the EU Strategy for Security and Development in the Sahel (the ‘Strategy’), namely Mali, Mauritania and Niger. For issues with broader regional implications, the EUSR shall engage with other countries and regional or international entities beyond the Sahel, as appropriate.


In view of the need for a regional approach to the inter-related challenges facing the region, the EUSR for the Sahel shall work in close consultation with other relevant EUSRs, including the EUSR for the Southern Mediterranean region, the EUSR for Human Rights and the EUSR to the African Union.

Article 2 Policy objectives


The mandate of the EUSR shall be based on the policy objective of the Union in relation to the Sahel to contribute actively to regional and international efforts to achieve lasting peace, security and development in the region. The EUSR shall furthermore aim to enhance the quality, intensity and impact of the Union’s multi-faceted engagement in the Sahel.


The EUSR shall contribute to developing and implementing the Union approach encompassing all aspects of Union action, in particular in the political, security and development areas, including the Strategy, and to coordinating all relevant instruments for Union actions.


Initial priority shall be given to Mali and to the regional dimensions of the conflict there.


Regarding Mali, the Union’s policy objectives aim, through the coordinated and effective use of all its instruments, to promote a return for Mali and its people to a path of peace, reconciliation, security and development.

Article 3 Mandate


In order to achieve the Union’s policy objectives in relation to the Sahel, the mandate of the EUSR shall be to:

  1. actively contribute to the implementation, coordination and further development of the Union’s comprehensive approach to the regional crisis, on the basis of its Strategy, with a view to enhancing the overall coherence and effectiveness of Union activities in the Sahel, in particular in Mali;

  2. engage with all relevant stakeholders of the region, governments, regional authorities, regional and international organisations, civil society and diasporas, with a view to furthering the Union’s objectives and contribute to a better understanding of the role of the Union in the Sahel;

  3. represent the Union in relevant regional and international fora, including the Support and Follow-Up Group on the situation in Mali, and ensure visibility for Union support to crisis management and conflict prevention, including the European Union military mission to contribute to the training of the Malian Armed Forces (EUTM Mali) and the European Union CSDP mission in Niger (EUCAP Sahel Niger);

  4. maintain close cooperation with the United Nations (UN), in particular the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Sahel, and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for West Africa, the African Union (AU), in particular the AU High Representative for Mali and the Sahel, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and other leading national, regional and international stakeholders including other Special Envoys for the Sahel;

  5. closely follow the regional and trans-boundary dimensions of the crisis, including terrorism, organised crime, arms smuggling, human trafficking, drug trafficking, refugee and migration flows and related financial flows; in close cooperation with the EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator, contribute to the further implementation of the EU Counter-Terrorism Strategy;

  6. maintain regular high-level political contacts with the countries in the region affected by terrorism and international crime in order to ensure a coherent and comprehensive approach and to ensure the Union’s key role in the international efforts to fight terrorism and international crime. This includes the Union’s active support to regional capacity-building in the security sector, and ensuring that the root causes of terrorism and international crime in the Sahel are adequately addressed;

  7. closely follow the political and security consequences of humanitarian crises in the region;

  8. with regard to Mali, contribute to regional and international efforts to facilitate the resolution of the crisis in Mali, in particular the adoption and implementation of the roadmap for the political transition, a free and transparent electoral process and a credible national inclusive dialogue;

  9. promote institution building, security sector reform and long-term peace building and reconciliation in Mali;

  10. cooperate with the EUSR for Human Rights in promoting respect for human rights and international humanitarian law and maintain regular contacts with relevant authorities in Mali and in the region, the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the human rights defenders and observers in the region. Contribute to the implementation of the Union’s human rights policy including the EU Guidelines on human rights, and international humanitarian law, in particular the EU Guidelines on Children and Armed Conflict as well as EU guidelines on violence against women and girls and combating all forms of discrimination against them, the Updated European Union Guidelines on promoting compliance with international humanitarian law, the Revised Guidelines on the Protection of Civilians in CSDP Missions and Operations and the Union policy regarding the UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 (2000) on Women, Peace and Security, including by monitoring and reporting on developments as well as formulating recommendations in this regard;

  11. follow up and report on compliance with relevant UNSCRs, in particular 2056 (2012), 2071 (2012) and 2085 (2012).


For the purpose of the fulfilment of his mandate, the EUSR shall, inter alia:

  1. advise and report on the formulation of Union positions in regional and international fora, as appropriate, in order to proactively promote and strengthen the Union’s comprehensive approach towards the crisis in the Sahel;

  2. maintain an overview of all activities of the Union and cooperate closely with relevant Union delegations.

Article 4 Implementation of the mandate


The EUSR shall be responsible for the implementation of the mandate acting under the authority of the HR.


The Political and Security Committee (PSC) shall maintain a privileged link with the EUSR and shall be the EUSR’s primary point of contact with the Council. The PSC shall provide the EUSR with strategic guidance and political direction within the framework of the mandate, without prejudice to the responsibilities of the HR.


The EUSR shall work in close coordination with the European External Action Service (EEAS).

Article 5 Financing

Article 6 Constitution and composition of the team

Article 7 Privileges and immunities of the EUSR and staff

Article 8 Security of EU classified information

Article 9 Access to information and logistical support

Article 10 Security

Article 11 Reporting

Article 12 Coordination with other Union actors

Article 13 Review

Article 14 Entry into force